Amur leopards are extraordinarily endangered in the wild. This project
will help to assess the health and well being of the remaining
Bamboo Shark Study
Meningitis has caused deaths in several shark
species. There is little information on antimicrobial therapy in these
animals. This pharmacokinetic study evaluated the absorption of
intramuscular injections of florfenicol and its potential application
for treatment of bacterial meningitis in shark species.
Callitrichid Colon Biopsy
Colitis is a major cause of poor health and early death in captive New
World primates, especially tamarins and marmosets. Mucosal biopsies of
the colon have been used in studies to determine the progress of this
disease and the response to therapeutic interventions. This study
evaluated the callitrichid population at Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo and
Aquarium for the prevalence of this problem.
Gaur Anesthesia Trial
This investigation will help determine effective and safe ways to
immobilize gaur in zoos and in the wild. Carfentanil is being compared
to the newer opiod, thiafentanil. Parameters being evaluated include
quality of anesthesia, cardiac values, oxygenation, circulatory
pressures and recovery.
Gorilla Thyroid Project
Due to suspected background irradiation, the incidence of thyroid
nodules and carcinomas is increasing in the human population. If
irradiation is the cause then great apes may have a similar frequency of
this disease. If the rise is due to specific human factors such as diet
then the incidence in gorillas may be low. This study will help to
develop a methodology for thyroid ultrasound evaluation in gorillas,
will help to establish a database of thyroid health in the population
and may provide answers to the health of the human population as well.
Great Ape DNA Study
Just like human beings, animals have different blood types. Knowing
blood types is important when and if it is ever necessary to do a blood
transfusion. Blood samples are taken opportunistically to determine
blood types for great apes (including the gorilla and the orangutan) in
the Species Survival Plan (SSP) population.
Lion TB Study
Bovine tuberculosis has caused a significant disease epidemic in
wildlife in South Africa. It is the suspected cause of the decline in
the adult lion population in Kruger National Park. Successful
vaccination may a useful tool for the management of bovine tuberculosis
in these lions. This project will help to determine the efficacy of a
new vaccine in this species.
Tiger Calicivirus Vaccine Trial
Calicivirus causes an upper respiratory disease characterized by
discharge from the nose and eyes as well as excessive salivation and
oral ulcers. It has proven to be fatal in some tiger cubs. This trial
will help to determine the probable efficacy of a calicivirus vaccine in
tigers. Pre- and post- vaccination tigers will be measured.
Feline Hearing Study
This study will assess the value of noninvasive techniques for
evaluating feline hearing using auditory evoked brainstem responses and
otoacoustic emissions. The value of the study, from a conservation point
of view, is that if we can identify what these cats hear, and how they
might communicate, we may be able to assess how encroachment of humans
and noise may affect the wild cats.